Until very recently, the legal basis of community correction programmes and medical parole was provided by the CPL (214, 215, 216, 271), the Prison Law (Sec. 3), administrative and normative documents as this, this and this one plus those listed at the end of this post. For the most part, these sources contained rather broad provisions. In practice, they could be of little guidance to political-legal organs.
Two years ago, it was found out how most of those allowed to serve their sentence outside of prison would escape police control and supervision by the community. As a response, a concerted action against the mismanagement of community correction programmes was launched.
Reform of community correction was then listed among the targets of the latest reform outline for the people’s courts
(…) we shall (…) enhance the applicable conditions and adjudicating procedures for the medical parole, temporary serving of sentence outside a prison and change of place of serving a sentence;
The following convicted criminals are allowed to serve their sentence outside of prison, in their place of residence:
- Those sentenced to public surveillance (管制 guanzhi)
- Those who have received a suspended sentence
- Those released on medical parole, pregnant and nursing women, those who have no means of livelihood and are not socially dangerous
- Those released on parole
- Those sentenced to deprivation of political rights.
Laojiao inmates, too, can serve their term of detention outside of RETL camp, but the matter is regulated by a different set of provisions.
Procuratorial Daily minisite
Community corrections experimented with in Qinghai
Central Committee for CMPO – news
- 中央十人小组关于反革命分子和其他坏分子的解释及处理的政策界限的暂行规定 (16 March 1956)
- 最高人民法院关于判处徒刑监外执行等问题的批复 (15 June 1963)
- 最高人民法院最高人民检察院公安部关于监外执行的罪犯重新犯罪是否需要履行逮捕手续问题的批复 (29 July 1963)
- 最高人民法院、最高人民检察院、公安部、司法部关于罪犯在看守所执行刑罚以及监外执行的有关问题的通知 (20 February 1987 – repealed on 25 February 2002)
- 最高人民检察院、公安部、司法部关于不允许暂予监外执行的罪犯外出经商问题的通知 (29 July 1988)
- 最高人民法院、最高人民检察院、公安部、司法部关于依法加强对管制剥夺政治权利缓刑假释和暂予监外执行罪犯监督考察工作的通知 (30 August 1989)
- 最高人民法院刑二庭关于对监外执行犯符合减刑条件的如何办理裁定减刑问题的电话答复 (30 November 1989)
- 最高人民法院研究室关于监外执行的罪犯重新犯罪的时间是否计入服刑期问题的答复 (30 March 1990)
- 最高人民法院研究室关于人民法院对已羁押的刑事被告人在判处无期徒刑有期徒刑或拘役的同时可否决定暂予监外执行问题的电话答复 (19 December 1991)
- 最高人民法院关于决定对罪犯暂予监外执行应采用何种法律文书问题的答复 (22 March 1996)
- 最高人民检察院关于对服刑罪犯暂予监外执行期间在异地又犯罪应由何地检察院受理审查起诉问题的批复 (26 November 1998)
- 最高人民法院关于人民法院决定暂予监外执行有关问题的批复 (15 January 1999)
- 最高人民检察院关于印发《最高人民检察院关于加强对监外执行罪犯脱管、漏管检察监督的意见》的通知 (3 August 2007)
- 人民检察院监外执行检察办法 (23 March 2008)
- 最高人民检察院关于印发《人民检察院监狱检察办法》、《人民检察院看守所检察办法》、《人民检察院劳教检察办法》和《人民检察院监外执行检察办法》的通知 (23 March 2008)